Study and Theory/
Independence Day

David Levin

Framework of Israel's Holidays

In the Hebrew calendar, there are a great majority of holidays and memorial days that are acceptable by Jews, which are connected to the days of the Passover holiday and are hinted in them by matching the first letter (Aleph) alluding to the last letter (Tav) the second letter(Beit) alluding to the second to last letter (Shin) and so on: Every day of Passover has as a partner – a holiday or a Memorial Day that corresponds it. This is true with an exception of the last day of Passover, which until recently had no partner and has stood alone throughout the days of exile.

Since the creation of the State of Israel and the dedication of the 5th of Iyar as the holiday marking the date of our independence – this last day of Passover was also redeemed from its loneliness with a matching holiday - Independence Day which has since, been added to the list of auspicious holidays of the nation. And from then the matching row was completed in the corresponding list of holidays days as follows:

Aleph – Tav –  Aleph (1)– the first day of Passover falls out on the day of the week as does Tisha B'av.

 

Beit – Shin – Beit (2) – the 2nd day of Passover falls out on the same day of the week as does the holiday of Shavuot.

 

Gimmel – Reish – Gimmel (3) the 3rd day of Passover falls out on the same day of the week as does the holiday of Rosh Hashana.

 

Daled – Kuf – Daled (4) the 4th day of Passover falls out on the same day of the week as does Kriyat Hatorah (the reading of the Torah – on Simchat Torah celebrated out of Israel)

 

Hey – Tzadik - Hey (5) the 5th day of Passover falls out on the same day of the week as does the fast day of Yom Kippur – Yom Tzom Kippur.

 

Vav – Pey - Vav (6) the 6th day of Passover falls out on the same day of the week as does the day of Purim (of that same year).

 

Zayin – Ayin – Zayin (7) the 7th day of Passover falls out on the same day of the week as does the day of our Independence – Atzma'ut.

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Chagim Center

Home for the Jewish Holidays

Tel: 04-6536344

Fax: 04-6532683

Email: machon@chagim.co.il

Kibbutz Beit Hashita 1080100

Israel

Registered Foundation No. 58-0459212

Department of Education

World Zionist Organization

Tel: +972-2-6202663

Fax:+972-2-6202662

Email: projectsedu@wzo.org.il 

48 King George St., P.O.B 92

Jerusalem 9100002

Israel

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